Have you every wanted to apply for a job but changed your mind because it was a contract or temporary position? Think again, because there are a lot of great benefits to temporary and contract employment for both the job seeker and the managing employer.


If you’re thinking about pursuing temporary or contract work: Whether you’re a new graduate or currently experiencing a gap in employment, temporary and contract positions can be a great way to relieve yourself from any restlessness or frustration you may have without a job. These short-term job opportunities can be a great way to kick-off your new career path and provide mental relief to any unemployment-related anxieties or dissatisfaction in your current career. If you’re a recent student or looking to change careers, contract and temporary work can also be a great way to get your foot in the door within your desired field. These positions allow you try out a role before you commit to it on a full-time basis. This is particularly beneficial for younger employees who may not have a permanent career path in mind. Regardless of the amount of time you spend in a position, it is always beneficial to connect with individuals in your desired industry to increase your list of professional contacts you can use as references or simply career advice.


Process Safety Management in the Chemical Engineering


Process Safety management is a subject that we feel is a vital part of the education of chemical engineers.This article will discuss Process Safety Management, why we feel it is essential, the various aspects of hazard identification and prevention and the responsibilities of our profession in this respect. There is a broader pedagogical issue here that we will deal with as well. The field of engineering practice is changing rapidly driven by many factors such as globalization, the breakdown of old hierarchical structures of management as a result of enormous increases in collaboration, and the rapid change is the skills and knowledge required of our graduating engineers. There is an impending crisis in North America where many of the senior managers, scientists and engineers are soon to retire. This will mean the loss of irreplaceable knowledge unless there is some way to effectively pass it on to the next generation of individuals responsible for keeping economy viable.

The modern civilization is totally dependent on the process industries whether they are Oil and Gas,Chemical (which of course includes the bio option),Pharmaceuticals and so on. By the very nature of these industries one often must deal will significant potential hazard such as fire and explosion, toxic release and many other similar situations? The process industries have by and large made a significant effort to mitigate these risks, however they still will exist because of the various materials and processes involved. There are many instances where disasters occurred because of poor design, unsafe operating conditions and errors in judgement



The Flixborough works of Nypro produced caprolactam a monomer for nylon. One of the critical steps was the oxidation of cyclohexane to cyclohexanol in a series of six catalytic reactors in the presence of air. It was discovered that one of the reactors had a small crack resulting in an unplanned shutdown. This reactor was removed from service and a temporary pipe section was fabricated in the machine shop to replace the cracked reactor. Anecdotal evidence states that the pipe was designed with a piece of chalk on the floor of the maintenance shop. This temporary section was not adequately supported and upon pressurization it failed and released a large cloud of cyclohexane vapour. An unknown source of ignition caused this cloud to explode resulting in the death of 28 people and the injury of some 36 others. There was significant damage in the adjacent village.



An insecticide plant in India suffered an accidental release of methyl isocyanate. This plant jointly owned by Union Carbide and local investors was essentially shut down at the time because of a labour dispute. Because the plant had been designed to receive shipments of MIC from another unit where it was produced there was a fairly large storage tank for the material. MIC will react slowly and exothermically with water and the MIC will boil if not adequately cooled. Somehow water was injected into this tank, some believe it was sabotage by a disgruntled operator; however the result was that the tank boiled over. The vapours popped the pressure relief valve and under normal conditions would have been diverted safely into a scrubber and flare system. Unfortunately this equipment was out of service and an estimate of some 25 tons of extremely toxic vapour escaped, killing some 2,000 people living in the shanty village surrounding the plant and injuring some 20,000 others.

Piper Alpha


Piper Alpha was an oil rig in the North Sea that was producing crude oil. It had been modified to handle natural gas as well. There were two large pumps both with relief valves on their discharge. One of these pumps had been taken off line because of a problem with the relief valve. The valve had been removed and a blind flange (a round sheet of steel) had been used to block off the line from this pump. Normal obligatory maintenance procedure requires that a ticket must be filed with the operating personnel. Unfortunately there was some mix-up and the ticket was never properly processed. Upon start up of the pump with the working relief valve it developed problems and the operating crew being unaware that the relief valve on the other pump had been replaced with a steel blind flange (the ticket had been misplaced or lost), shut down the pump and attempted to start up the other. The net effect of this was that the blind flange was unable to withstand the pressure and blew off the line discharging a cloud of natural gas, which ignited. This could have been dealt with as there was a water spray system that pumped seawater to several spray heads. Unfortunately there had been some maintenance work carried out near the intake to the water pumps and they were not available. Not to belabour the issue there were other unfortunate occurrences related to the fact that Piper Alpha was on a crude oil grid. The fire was soon out of control and so fierce that rescue craft were unable to approach the rig. A few of the men on the rig saved themselves by leaping several stories into the sea which at this point was covered with burning oil. The rest of the men perished in a structure that was supposed to be a safe haven but in fact became an oven. The rig was totally destroyed. One could bring up many other tragic events but the past three should serve to point out several fundamental aspects of Process Safety Management. Safety begins at the design stage, and is an integral part of operations and maintenance procedures. While most of these principles have been recognized far many years in the industry, it is now called Green Engineering.

Process Design
The primary objective of any process design is to design a unit that is inherently safe. In any chemical process it is vital that one is aware of the properties of all the materials and mixtures thereof that are involved in the system. Although there are many situations where the presence of a toxic material is unavoidable, every effort should be made to find alternate chemistry or alternate processes to minimize any hazard. In both the Flixborough situation as well as Bhopal, should there have been a much smaller inventory of for example the cyclohexane in the Flixborough case and definitely the amount of MIC on hand at Bhopal the extent of damage would have been much less. In the later situation redesign of similar insecticide units basically practice “Just in Time” where the intermediate of a very dangerous material such as MIC is kept as small as practically possible. The process selection is very important as well. High operating temperatures and pressures and corrosive environments increase the risk associated with the unit. The introduction of advanced catalysts often permits operating at reduced pressure and temperature without sacrificing yield and selectivity. Selection of the appropriate materials of construction can be very important as corrosion can lead to catastrophic equipment failure.

Before any process design is approved for construction it should be subjected to a rigorous Process Hazards Analysis (PHA) such as a fault tree analysis or a Hazards and Operability Studies (HAZOP) These are a rigorous review of the process design in order to anticipate wherever possible potential risks and to do whatever is possible to minimize these.

Process Control systems are very important as well since in most units these systems are the main tool for operating the plant in a safe manner. It is not possible to go into much detail at this point but appropriate control strategies are essential to safe operation. The primary philosophy of instrumentation should be that all systems are essentially “fail safe”. One of the most important and often overlooked aspects of Process Design is to have the process operators who will have responsible for operation involved thoroughly and often as the design and PHAs progresses. Safety training for all operating personnel, operators and technical staff is imperative. Most large organizations such as the major Oil and Gas companies as well as the major Chemical companies are quite diligent in this respect. This is not only concern for their personnel but the surrounding community as well and there is always the aspect of potential large financial losses resulting from major incidents. Union Carbide never recovered from the Bhopal incident. A recent disaster at Texas City where a distillation column was somehow allowed to fill with liquid which overflowed , resulting in an explosion and fire with significant loss of life. There were criminal charges brought against those who were believed responsible this and presumably jail time was the result. Maintenance procedures are critical as well; the Flixborough and Piper Alpha incidents are examples of complete breakdown in both cases. It is really quite remarkable that a critical piece of equipment was “designed” by a chalk drawing on the floor of a maintenance shop, and the fact that the maintenance “Ticket” got misplaced on the Piper Alpha resulted in the death of many individuals.

Having briefly reviewed some of the aspects of Process Safety Management, we come to the issue of where this can be dealt with in the Curriculum and for that matter should it even be part of a Chemical Engineering education.

The core body of knowledge expected of today’s engineering graduate seems to continue to expand. In addition to the fundamentals of math, chemistry and physics today’s graduate has to be aware of process simulation and computer mathematical tools. Depending on whatever industry one is familiar with this list can be changed and expanded. In most Universities there is a four year programme. It is an enormous challenge to fit all this material into those four years. There is no question that a five year undergraduate degree would be a desirable option. This is certainly not a new idea however who is to pay for it. Parents and students would not be interested in this with the possible exception of the small numbers who choose to go on into grad school. It is an open question whether potential employers would be interested. We suspect that most really wouldn’t be all that interested. Our TEAM program each year deals with some 20 Industrial Organizations. Almost without exception they tell us that provided a potential employee has a degree from an accredited University they assume that there fundamentals are sound. This does not mean that the student’s marks aren’t important, they certainly are. What seems to be the general response from potential employers is that the fundamentals are only one aspect of what they are looking for. The other aspects are usually categorized by that dreadful term “Soft Skills”, which include teamwork, ability to communicate both by written word and orally, but most important, to be a quick learner who can contribute fully to the enterprise. The other aspect of the Engineering Profession today, that we as educators must recognize, is that change is rapid and all embracing.

Process Safety Management is a vitally important aspect of Chemical Engineering whether involved in design, operation or maintenance. Students have to make them fully aware of the importance of this issue. The practice of engineering is changing very rapidly and we as educators are being challenged to adapt to this. The problems we face in order to effectively deliver a programme of Process Safety Management is the less awareness of the subjects among the students.

Article by: Barrie Jackson Associate Professor of Chemical Engineering Queen’s University, Kingston Ontario Canada


Mechanical Engineering Job Scope


Many of the students from Mechanical Engineering choose this career stream because they think its an Ever-Green branch of engineering. Their parents thought that even at the time of IT bubble burst the core engineering jobs would be secure.Traditionally, mechanical engineers have to deal with concepts such as mechanics, thermodynamics, robotics, kinematics, structural analysis, fluid mechanics with their applications in Automotive Sector, Power Sector, Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Sector, Aerospace.

When the choice of a course is made, It should be based on the students like and willingness to study a specialization. It should be done after proper evaluation of students capabilities.

Now-a-days the scope of mechanical engineering is expanding beyond its traditional boundaries and is more of inter-disciplinary in nature. Mechanical engineers are focusing their attention towards new areas such as nanotechnology, development of composite materials, biomedical applications, and environmental conservation. With this shift in paradigm the new job avenues have been opened for the mechanical engineers. Further with the call of Make in India given by Hon’ble PM of India the manufacturing sector shall be empowered and big players are going to setup their manufacturing plants in India.

Mechanical engineering is one of the oldest branches of engineering, dating back to when the first wheels were put to practical use by mounting them on an axle to make a cart. Throughout recorded history, people have been inventing and building increasingly more sophisticated devices and machines in order to improve the conditions of life.

There is wide scope of job avenues for Mechanical Engineers in India. Few job avenues are highlighted below:

  • Aerospace industry – researches, designs, manufactures, operates and maintains aircraft
  • Automotive industry – designs, manufactures, distributes and markets motor vehicles
  • Chemical industry – covers oil companies, chemicals manufacturers and the businesses that support them (e.g. to build new plants or develop new process technologies)
  • Construction industry – designs and builds infrastructure, buildings and buildings services (e.g. heating and ventilation)
  • Defence industry – provides equipment, support and services for the armed forces and national security
  • Electronics industry – designs and manufactures components and complete equipment for sectors from automotive to medicine and the military
  • Fast moving consumer goods industry – manufactures products such as household cleaning items, personal hygiene goods and convenience foods
  • Marine industry – develops and helps operate vessels
  • Materials and metals industry – activities include developing new materials and manufacturing components or end products
  • Pharmaceuticals industry – develops and manufactures drugs
  • Rail industry – designs, constructs, manages and maintains rail system components from trains and tracks to electrical power systems and train control systems
  • Utilities industry – helps supply power, water, waste management and telecoms.

For more details on job prospect after completion of Mechanical Engineering, write us on or join our telegram channel @

Extract from Web Articles

Steps to Overcome the Challenges of Job Search For Fresh Engineers


As I have been working as a career coach for many years, I’m reminded frequently that regardless of where you are professionally, whether you are a senior executive or a college graduate student seeking your first professional job, there are still five basic points to master as you manage your search strategy.

These following points will serve you well as you recognize the criticality of applying them to your job search:

1. Remember your value

It’s easy to lose track of how good you are when you are unemployed.

Always remember the value that you bring to your next employer. Be encouraged and confident, bringing out your best as you navigate through the search process. This is the time to remember who you are, how you are wired and acknowledge all that you have accomplished professionally and personally!

Transform your branding strategy from a “Job Seeker” to being a “Solution Provider.” Embrace your achievements while remaining confident in your capabilities. Hiring managers generally have very specific challenges in their organization, so it’s important to speak to, and share your achievements as you represent the value of a solution provider as opposed to just another candidate who will try to address their problems.

2. Stay Up-to-Date

Employers are concerned that someone who is unemployed has also become out of date.

It’s your responsibility to keep up with the times and the activity in your market. But you’ll never be able to do this if you’re sitting at home. It’s important to get out of the house, and in front of people by attending networking events, and professional conferences that will help in keeping your skill sharp.

Network at the proper level. I think that job support groups are an amazing outlet to attend, and can help you as you manage your job search activity. But, most attendees are other people who are also unemployed. So, attend networking events and mixers where you can network with the right tier of professionals who can refer you to a person of influence on the inside of your target companies.

Think systematically. Develop a “Job Search Process” so you can track your activity and commitments

3. Be Open Minded

Maintain as much of your “normal” life as you can, but take the time to re-assess your budget and spending habits.

Be open to thinking outside the box, embracing the opportunity to be flexible and adaptable. I had a client who was an Account Manager for a company, in which he was actually a post-sales support professional. His role was to be highly visible at the client sites, serve as a point person for the product that was installed, and know how the client was using the product so he could leverage up-selling opportunities when possible.

In thinking outside the box, this individual was not just an Account Manager. We drilled down into his capabilities and identified other strengths that he possessed to include project management, cross-functional collaboration, client interfacing, and sales administration.

Be realistic about your “Needs.” It’s not reasonable to expect your next employer to compensate you based upon what your needs are. It is reasonable to expect them to be fair in their compensation, based upon what the market is paying for your specific role.

4. Expand Your Network

As professionals, we all generally have three very specific “Networks” that are important to tap as we navigate through a job search.

They are:

Proactive Network – These are people in your network who are direct connections, care about your success, and want to step up to assist you in any way possible. It has been noted that many active jobs are never posted online because the company would rather try to leverage internal contacts and referrals instead of hiring someone who may not be proven in their respective role.

Reactive Network – These are recruiters, hiring managers, or people in general who are responsive to your inquiry for employment. You may have talked with them at some point in your search process, and while their current role may not be a good fit for you, you want to make sure to have a trusting relationship with them moving forward, being ever-diligent in remaining on their radar, or top-of-mind as opportunities come across their desk.

Headhunter, Recruiter Network – You want to be sure to get your resume in front of every recruiting company possible, within your specific market segment. You never know when they may search their database for the right candidate, and you want them to find you!

Don’t expect just to be fed by people in your network. Get out and volunteer, maintaining a spirit of feeding others. Be intentional about getting in front of people and know how to tell your employment transition story with confidence.

Know how to ask for a referral. You may ask:

“Do you know anyone who might have a need for someone with my skillset within their company?”

Or, you can ask,

“Do you have anyone in your network who may know of someone, who might have a need for an individual like me in their company?”

In the first question, you are asking your contact person to only consider people that they may have immediate access to. In the second example, you are encouraging that person to think outside their own network, opening them to intentionally considering new opportunities to connect or engage.

5. Remain Encouraged and Hopeful

“Chase the dream, not the competition!” Don’t give negativity the power to hold you hostage. Celebrate your joy or your success, and you will find your next professional opportunity!

Go Get’em!


pro-learn2PRO-LEARN 2016, Texvyn’s initiative designed to transform engineering graduates into highly sought-after professionals. This flagship offering from Texvyn helps you develop relevant skills and launch your career. It is built to make your career future-proof and provide you with financial independence. The program includes customized training with personalized workbooks and industry-approved certifications. Texvyn is an ideal platform for those looking to launch their careers in Engineering EPC, Detail Engineering Consultants, Water Treatment Industry, Power Industry, Oil & Gas, Petrochemical, Chemical, Pharmaceuticals etc.


The Texvyn Students will receive training and mentoring at the foundation, core, specialization and super-specialization levels for the appropriate technology track. The program is designed to strengthen your basic industry-required technical skills through hands-on application. We then build your core capabilities through a combination of theory, practice school sessions and on-job training. The program includes industry-relevant certifications for each track.


We use globally-validated tools and content to help you improve your English language and communication skills. These are mapped to the Common European Framework Reference (CEFR). Our approach is designed to help you understand the main ideas of complex text and technical discussions. By enhancing your verbal communication skills, you will learn to express and explain your point of view, and interact fluently and confidently with peers and mentors in real-life, work-related situations.


 You will be trained to effectively use production suites like MS Office. You will also develop the necessary skills to gauge and understand behavioral and interpersonal dynamics such as team-building . Texvyn will help you learn to express your ideas persuasively, participate confidently in group discussions and engage professionally with your peers. Additionally, the program will focus on personal grooming, business etiquette and client service orientation.

 For more details contact  us on 022-65201222 or write us on

For enrollment click here



Demand and supply

India has achieved the production capacity of 1.5 million engineers every year with mammoth 4000 institutes..!!!

Over the last ten years, There is a almost  200 % increment in the intake and pass out of (so called) engineers. Right now, India is producing engineers more than Us and China producing engineers together.

If we connect engineering passouts, employments and GDP linearly. GDP of India has increased 105% over the last 10 year.

So demand is way behind than supply. Engineering boom was not in sync with economy.
Whenever there is more supply than demand, new equilibrium point gives a lower price and higher quantity. And, Yes that happened with the engineering services too. entry-level salary is pathetically low, and has stagnated at that level for the last eight-nine years, though the prices of everything from groceries to vehicle fuel have shot up during the same period. So There are many software developers in Banglore worked for 8000 INR/month which is per with income of taxi driver in city.


In India, A normal Engineering student is pursuing engineering because everybody is doing so and his/her parents also feel the same.

your memorization skills are good, you may cram and score well. But that doesn’t mean that you have the skills the industry is looking for.

The quality of the engineering education India is, well, abysmal. Even many Companies have stated that they are facing difficulties in hiring freshers engineers !! This is a huge problem for majority of the engineering institutes. The graduates are not ready to be productive. Many need half a year to one year of training to give the company some ROI. Industries would definitely want to save as much as possible. They would take the best possible candidates. Well, who won’t.

A report by Aspiring Minds, a research firm, has bought out the obvious fact that Chennai, home to Anna University, one of the largest universities in India with about 400 colleges affiliated to it, has an employability rate of an awful 1%. Even the the state with the highest employability percentage, Delhi, is only at 13%. Bangalore, the so called ‘silicon valley of India’ is at a staggering 3.2%.

National Association of Software and Services Companies’ (NASSCOM) survey of 2011 showcased that India’s $60 billion outsourcing industry is spending almost $1 billion a year training them to be fit for jobs.

How to Change the current Scenario?

Our Indian Indian education system is a closed classroom approach. The teacher comes, starts pouring in information & in many institutes faculty just give notes & asked to refer it before exams. Students are seated all facing the teacher, taking notes, absorbing information as much as they can. Study and write the exams. Pass. Get a degree. This may be makes us good at technical abilities to some extent, but does not make us thinkers. No engineering institute is serious about developing the industrial skills in their students, they have concerns only with institute fees & donations. In such scenarios, students themselves  have to step up. Start your homework as soon as you start with 7th Semester, below are the some tips to accelerate your growth as an engineer –

In hiring recent college grads, Jennifer Floren, founder and former CEO of Experience, Inc. noted: “Of all the things employers look for when hiring entry-level talent, it’s the so-called ‘soft skills’ that are valued most: communication, teamwork, flexibility, and positive attitude are by far the most sought-after skills.

Job Search doesn’t means posting your resume on random recruitment website, before posting a resume please go through the background of company & analyze the kind of exposure you will get. The job search is a process and often times a frustrating one. The process involves research, outreach, follow-up, and dogged determination.

Here are a few additional tips that might help recent graduates in searching for that first engineering job –

Keep Your Resume Up to Date

Your resume is a dynamic snapshot of your skills, experience, and professional objectives. It is important to keep it fresh. If you’ve learned a new software program, completed an educational course, or attended an applicable seminar during the time you’ve been searching for a job, be sure to add it to your resume. Depending upon the job you are applying for, you may need to adjust your resume so that your most relevant skills and experience are highlighted. It is imperative to tailor your resume for each job application.

Industry-Oriented Training’s or Short Term Courses

Enroll for job-oriented courses depending on your interest & the industrial requirement. This kind of training gives you the glimpse of actual industrial exposure along with the required soft skills. During our Engineering we come across numbers of subjects, but we don’t know what will be more relevant for industry we want to work with. This courses helps us to get brush up with those topics relevant to our work interest & get us introduce to leading industrial software which we have never heard of during our engineering days.

Network with Colleagues, Family, and Friends

In job searching, “who you know” is truly important. Your business colleagues, family, and friends together know a lot of people. Make sure they all know you are looking for a job and ask for their help, especially referrals to others who may help. Do they have any business contacts that you could connect with to seek advice or gain a referral? Stay in touch with them every few weeks — out of sight is usually out of mind.

Tap into Your Alumni Association

Alumni are a good source of potential job opportunities and typically will go out of their way to help their fellow alumni. Stay active online and join your local chapter. Face-to-face interaction at Chapter meetings is a good way to network. Many alumni form social networking groups on LinkedIn, Facebook, and Twitter. Join the groups and be visible. Introduce yourself to the group and state your job objectives and ask for help.

Work Part Time/Volunteer

What have you been doing since graduation? That question inevitably comes up during an interview. And while searching for a job is a job itself, it’s better to demonstrate that you are active doing other things in addition to seeking a job. Take a part-time job. Even if it isn’t in a related field of interest, it shows that you are energetic. And since you most likely have college loans to start repaying, no one would question the need to generate at least some income. Volunteering for charitable causes is also a good way to demonstrate your drive and enthusiasm. It is also another great way to meet new people and expand your network.

Identify Companies of Interest

Don’t rely on a job falling in your lap. While you may be lucky enough to find an interesting job posting at a company you’d like to work for, it’s more than likely that you’ll have to proactively find a job opening at one of your companies of interest. There are many online resources to help you search, like and Use their tools to help you make a list of companies you would like to work for. Search social networking sites, like LinkedIn, for contacts within these organizations. Alert them to your interests and career objectives. Many will be willing to help or refer you to someone else who might help, and once again, you’ve expanded your network.

Expand Your Opportunities

Unfortunately, you might not be able to land your dream job the first time around. Expand your opportunities by searching companies and positions in adjacent industries. You might also consider contract or temporary opportunities. These will strengthen your experience and sometimes lead to full time positions at the end of the contract.

Don’t Get Discouraged

Easier said than done, but prepare yourself that the job hunt will be a long and often tedious process. Set weekly objectives — i.e. number of applications sent, phone calls, company searches, etc. — and once you’ve accomplished your goals, take some time for yourself.


Learn a foreign language for better pay, more opportunities


You want to earn a bit extra from your peers? Learn a foreign language.

A recent advertisement on the professional networking site LinkedIn by tech giant IBM read: “Need a core Java developer with proficient Japanese”.

An MBA, or an engineering degree, may not earn you as much money as knowing a foreign language can, especially if it is German, Japanese or Mandarin.

With the growing business relationships across the globe, the Indian companies as well firms having operations in the country, such as IBM, L&T, Genpact, Accenture, Geometric Ltd and Fujitsu Technology, among others, are now evaluating employees on their foreign language proficiencies. They are even offering a premium of about 20% of the salary as additional language allowance.

Experts say there is a massive requirement for language trainers, translators and software developers.

“There is also a significant demand for coordinators, who can coordinate with the offshore development centres of other countries,” said Vikrant Pande, head at TeamLease Skill University, a part of staffing firm TeamLease Services, which provides vocational education and training.

The top three languages in demand include Mandarin, Japanese and German. Knowing a foreign language is an added advantage for employees as they help the company communicate with clients in a personal tone and helps in easy sharing of documents and information.

The world’s fourth-largest IT services company, Japan-based Fujitsu plans to hire about 500 people in India with excellent communication skills in Japanese.

Auto component major, Germany-based Bosch is also planning to hire about 500 people in India with expertise in German language.

As per the estimates of Sakuraa India Foundation, which provides corporate training in Japanese, at present more than 45,000 candidates are required with Japanese language proficiency in India.

TeamLease in a research found that last year nearly 50 companies in India required more than 5,000 people with foreign language proficiency, and the demand for bilingual candidates is increasing each year by more than 20%.

“There are about 200 Chinese firms operating in India, and almost 5,000 Japanese firms are operating here,” Pande noted.

Kumar Prabhas, chief operating officer, L&T Technology Services, agreed that “the demand for technical competencies coupled with multilingual proficiency has been steadily on rise”.

“Industry verticals such as automotive, industrial, telecom and hi-tech, are well developed in Germany, Japan and China. Access to these markets is highly dependent on local language proficiency of our employees,” Prabhas said.

And, there’s another side of the story as well.

As per a research by a professor of psychology at York University in Toronto, bilinguals are better at multi-tasking.

Some of other incentives of knowing additional languages include more job opportunities across industries, higher salary as compared to regular graduates, on-site options, and ease of business with counterparts and stakeholders based outside the country.

“Most organisations pay additional language allowance as the premium, which is in the range of 15% to 20% of their salary,” said Dilpreet Singh, vice-president, HR at IBM India and South Asia.

Apart from valuing additional language while hiring employees, the companies are also training and certifying their staff.

“We have been training our employees extensively in languages such as Spanish, Japanese, Dutch, German and Swedish from the last five years as demand has been increasing progressively,” L&T’s Prabhas added.

“Our clientele are based across the world and it makes it easier and effective when employees are well versed in different languages,” IBM’s Singh said.

BG Sridar, managing director of Sakuraa India Foundation, which in the last 10 years has trained around 2,000 people with Japanese, said: “It takes almost 2.5 years for a candidate to learn the second-highest level of Japanese, and it costs about Rs 1 lakh. In India, only odd 1,000 people know the highest level of Japanese. But to get a decent job in the technical filed, knowing till the third level is fine.”



Types of Control Valves

Almost any type of valve can be used for control by fitting an actuator and positioner, though care must be taken to ensure that there is no excessive backlash present and it will be recognised many will not exhibit a good characteristic for precise control.

Texvyn-CV Selection

The following are the most commonly used:

Globe (Plug and Seat)

These are the most traditionally used control valves – generally available from 12 to 400mm in all castable materials. Larger sizes are available but it becomes more common to move to an angle construction on these sizes.

Pressure ratings up to ANSI 2500# and higher are available.

The globe valve is very versatile offering reduced trim options as well as a variety of special trims for severe high pressure drop applications. This style of valve is easily adapted for use on cryogenic temperatures, and for high temperature duties.

Turndown capability of 50:1 is available.

Eccentric Plug (Rotary Globe)

A general purpose valve that offers cost effective solutions over a wide range of standard applications. It offers higher Cv values than globe – size for size. It is available from 25 to 300mm to ANSI 600#. Turndown is 125:1.


The least expensive of all control valves. Sizes range from 50 to 3000mm.
Pressure ratings are generally up to 1600 kpa(G).

Temperatures are up to 100∞C. This valve is good for corrosive applications but does not handle high pressure drops well. It is the lightest valve available – size for size. Turndown is 75:1

Eccentric Disk (high performance butterfly)

A similar looking valve to the standard butterfly this valve is capable of handling much higher temperatures and pressures. The heart of the valve is the seating arrangement. Many different techniques are utilised to prevent the disk from rubbing in the seat as it does with the butterfly valve. This is achieved by having the disk rotate about a point that is off centre to the line of the seat in one plane and off centre to the centre line of the pipe in the other. This gives a cammed action that the final few degrees of rotation causes the disk to move in a linear fashion into the seat. This means that a metal seat can be utilised,
enabling the valve to handle high pressures and temperatures.

This type of valve is generally available from 50 to 1200mm ill pressure ratings up to ANSI 600#.

High pressure drop applications are not recommended. Turndown is about 75:1

Eccentric Plug (Rotary Globe)

A general purpose valve that offers cost effective solutions over a wide range of standard applications. It offers higher Cv values than globe – size for size. It is available from 25 to 300mm to ANSI 600#. Turndown is 125:1.


The least expensive of all control valves. Sizes range from 50 to 3000mm.

Pressure ratings are generally up to 1600 kpa(G).

Temperatures are up to 100∞C. This valve is good for corrosive applications but does not handle high pressure drops well. It is the lightest valve available – size for size. Turndown is 75:1.

Diaphragm / Pinch

These valves are inexpensive and very simple in operation. They are used extensively in the mining industry for control of slurries and water. The characteristic is basically quick opening and so these valves do not give precise control or high turndown but function particularly well on level control. Very good for low pressure abrasive applications.

Sizes are available from 25 to 350mm in pressure ratings up to 1000kPa on the smaller sizes and 350kPa above 200mm. Special pinch valves can handle pressures up to 100 bar.
Temperature limitation is about 100∞C. Turndown is 10:1.


Ball valves naturally have a good control characteristic and give high turndown of l00:1 for standard ball valves and up to 500:1 for vee ported valves. High pressure valves are available to ANSI 2500# and higher – most valves working at greater than 3000kPa have trunnion mounted balls.

Sizes range from 10mm to 500mm.

High temperatures are handled by valves with metal seats. Full ball valves are not recommended for slurries due to the solids settling out in the body cavity. High pressure drops are not handled well due to the ball causing high velocity jets of fluid directed into
the seat and body – resulting in erosion. This design of valve is particularly suitable for use with ceramic materials and can be used on abrasive throttling duties where the pressures and temperatures are too high for pinch or diaphragm valves.

Comparison of different control valves

Table 1 shows the comparison of different control valves.

Selection Procedure

  • Estimate the size of the valve by taking one size smaller than the line. If there is no line size available calculate using a velocity of 5m/s for liquids and 40m/s for gases or vapours.
  • Use the chart to determine the valve type which best satisfies the requirements of the application.

Generally for larger sizes of l00mm or greater the order of preference assuming cost to be of a high priority would be as follows:

  • Butterfly
  • Disk
  • Rotary plug
  • Ball

but using globe if the pressure drop is high and using pinch/diaphragm valves for slurries. For small valves of less than l00mm the order of preference would be:

  • Globe
  • Rotary plug
  • Ball
  • Pinch/Diaphragm


There is nothing definitive about selecting a type of valve and there is seldom a choice that can be considered to be ‘right’; some selections will just be better than others – and of course it is easy to chose the wrong one!

Reference: [1] Sessions MT. 'Selection of control valves - handling high pressure drops'.Electricity + Control, November, 1993, pp 35-38.




Joining Texvyn Talent Pool Will Boost Your Career

During your job search, you have probably noticed more employers increasingly offering “talent communities” or “talent pools” for you to join. What is a talent pool exactly? A talent pool is a way for employers to engage with candidates who are interested in working for their company but don’t see a current job opening that would match their skills. This helps employers stay in touch with the best talent, even if the perfect job opening is not available right now.


Whether you are actively looking for a job or just keeping your eye out for the next big opportunity, below are three benefits of joining a talent pool.

1. You’ll receive helpful career advice and information.

When signing up for a talent pool, you’ll submit your resume, contact information, and which departments you’d be interested in working in. Once you have joined, Texvyn can send email updates to you on the company and industry news, open job opportunities, career event invitations, and even specific tips on how to land a job with your dream company. Coming straight from the source, you’ll be able to receive helpful and reliable career advice and learn about new developments at the company or in your field.

2. You’ll establish a relationship with the company and speed up the job search process.

Is there a particular company you really want to work for but you don’t see a current job opening that would be a good match?  Joining their talent pool will help you stay connected to the company, asking the employer to keep you in mind for future opportunities while allowing you to learn more about the company.

By getting yourself in front of recruiters early on in the job search process, you’ll give yourself a significant advantage when a job opens. When you join a talent pool you can display your interest in the company, provide your resume, and identify your experience and skills. Recruiters will be able to reach out to you as soon as a relevant job opens as opposed to waiting for you to see the posting and apply, saving time for both parties.

3. You’ll get a better look at what it will be like to work for the employer.

If you are looking for a job or want to stay in the loop for the future, a talent pool can connect you with recruiters who can help you learn more about the company and what it’s really like to work there.

It’s not always easy to see if a company would be a good cultural match for you but joining a talent pool will give you access to insider information about what it’s like to work at that company. In addition to newly open positions, you can receive valuable insights into the company culture, work-life balance, company values, leadership profile, and much more.

Joining a Texvyn’s Talent Pool is a great way to build your professional network and may lead to opportunities you otherwise would not come across.

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Texvyn Talent Pool


Gain access to one of our talented job seekers to find a suitable employee to assist your company to become more competitive and cost effective. Our candidates have trained & experienced on all fronts of Process Plant Engineering. All our candidates have wide exposure on latest engineering software’s & well versed with industry codes & Standards. Place a staffing order with one of our Business Representatives today and start building a workforce program that meets the needs of your company.

These services we provide come at no-cost and with opportunities to work with our staff that specializes in connecting the right candidates for your occupations. Visit our website for more information about our  training programs available for hiring qualified individuals from our talent pool.