WHY FRESH ENGINEER FAIL TO GET GOOD START?

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Demand and supply

India has achieved the production capacity of 1.5 million engineers every year with mammoth 4000 institutes..!!!

Over the last ten years, There is a almost  200 % increment in the intake and pass out of (so called) engineers. Right now, India is producing engineers more than Us and China producing engineers together.

If we connect engineering passouts, employments and GDP linearly. GDP of India has increased 105% over the last 10 year.

So demand is way behind than supply. Engineering boom was not in sync with economy.
Whenever there is more supply than demand, new equilibrium point gives a lower price and higher quantity. And, Yes that happened with the engineering services too. entry-level salary is pathetically low, and has stagnated at that level for the last eight-nine years, though the prices of everything from groceries to vehicle fuel have shot up during the same period. So There are many software developers in Banglore worked for 8000 INR/month which is per with income of taxi driver in city.

Quality

In India, A normal Engineering student is pursuing engineering because everybody is doing so and his/her parents also feel the same.

your memorization skills are good, you may cram and score well. But that doesn’t mean that you have the skills the industry is looking for.

The quality of the engineering education India is, well, abysmal. Even many Companies have stated that they are facing difficulties in hiring freshers engineers !! This is a huge problem for majority of the engineering institutes. The graduates are not ready to be productive. Many need half a year to one year of training to give the company some ROI. Industries would definitely want to save as much as possible. They would take the best possible candidates. Well, who won’t.

A report by Aspiring Minds, a research firm, has bought out the obvious fact that Chennai, home to Anna University, one of the largest universities in India with about 400 colleges affiliated to it, has an employability rate of an awful 1%. Even the the state with the highest employability percentage, Delhi, is only at 13%. Bangalore, the so called ‘silicon valley of India’ is at a staggering 3.2%.

National Association of Software and Services Companies’ (NASSCOM) survey of 2011 showcased that India’s $60 billion outsourcing industry is spending almost $1 billion a year training them to be fit for jobs.

How to Change the current Scenario?

Our Indian Indian education system is a closed classroom approach. The teacher comes, starts pouring in information & in many institutes faculty just give notes & asked to refer it before exams. Students are seated all facing the teacher, taking notes, absorbing information as much as they can. Study and write the exams. Pass. Get a degree. This may be makes us good at technical abilities to some extent, but does not make us thinkers. No engineering institute is serious about developing the industrial skills in their students, they have concerns only with institute fees & donations. In such scenarios, students themselves  have to step up. Start your homework as soon as you start with 7th Semester, below are the some tips to accelerate your growth as an engineer –

In hiring recent college grads, Jennifer Floren, founder and former CEO of Experience, Inc. noted: “Of all the things employers look for when hiring entry-level talent, it’s the so-called ‘soft skills’ that are valued most: communication, teamwork, flexibility, and positive attitude are by far the most sought-after skills.

Job Search doesn’t means posting your resume on random recruitment website, before posting a resume please go through the background of company & analyze the kind of exposure you will get. The job search is a process and often times a frustrating one. The process involves research, outreach, follow-up, and dogged determination.

Here are a few additional tips that might help recent graduates in searching for that first engineering job –

Keep Your Resume Up to Date

Your resume is a dynamic snapshot of your skills, experience, and professional objectives. It is important to keep it fresh. If you’ve learned a new software program, completed an educational course, or attended an applicable seminar during the time you’ve been searching for a job, be sure to add it to your resume. Depending upon the job you are applying for, you may need to adjust your resume so that your most relevant skills and experience are highlighted. It is imperative to tailor your resume for each job application.

Industry-Oriented Training’s or Short Term Courses

Enroll for job-oriented courses depending on your interest & the industrial requirement. This kind of training gives you the glimpse of actual industrial exposure along with the required soft skills. During our Engineering we come across numbers of subjects, but we don’t know what will be more relevant for industry we want to work with. This courses helps us to get brush up with those topics relevant to our work interest & get us introduce to leading industrial software which we have never heard of during our engineering days.

Network with Colleagues, Family, and Friends

In job searching, “who you know” is truly important. Your business colleagues, family, and friends together know a lot of people. Make sure they all know you are looking for a job and ask for their help, especially referrals to others who may help. Do they have any business contacts that you could connect with to seek advice or gain a referral? Stay in touch with them every few weeks — out of sight is usually out of mind.

Tap into Your Alumni Association

Alumni are a good source of potential job opportunities and typically will go out of their way to help their fellow alumni. Stay active online and join your local chapter. Face-to-face interaction at Chapter meetings is a good way to network. Many alumni form social networking groups on LinkedIn, Facebook, and Twitter. Join the groups and be visible. Introduce yourself to the group and state your job objectives and ask for help.

Work Part Time/Volunteer

What have you been doing since graduation? That question inevitably comes up during an interview. And while searching for a job is a job itself, it’s better to demonstrate that you are active doing other things in addition to seeking a job. Take a part-time job. Even if it isn’t in a related field of interest, it shows that you are energetic. And since you most likely have college loans to start repaying, no one would question the need to generate at least some income. Volunteering for charitable causes is also a good way to demonstrate your drive and enthusiasm. It is also another great way to meet new people and expand your network.

Identify Companies of Interest

Don’t rely on a job falling in your lap. While you may be lucky enough to find an interesting job posting at a company you’d like to work for, it’s more than likely that you’ll have to proactively find a job opening at one of your companies of interest. There are many online resources to help you search, like monster.com and job-hunt.org. Use their tools to help you make a list of companies you would like to work for. Search social networking sites, like LinkedIn, for contacts within these organizations. Alert them to your interests and career objectives. Many will be willing to help or refer you to someone else who might help, and once again, you’ve expanded your network.

Expand Your Opportunities

Unfortunately, you might not be able to land your dream job the first time around. Expand your opportunities by searching companies and positions in adjacent industries. You might also consider contract or temporary opportunities. These will strengthen your experience and sometimes lead to full time positions at the end of the contract.

Don’t Get Discouraged

Easier said than done, but prepare yourself that the job hunt will be a long and often tedious process. Set weekly objectives — i.e. number of applications sent, phone calls, company searches, etc. — and once you’ve accomplished your goals, take some time for yourself.

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Learn a foreign language for better pay, more opportunities

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You want to earn a bit extra from your peers? Learn a foreign language.

A recent advertisement on the professional networking site LinkedIn by tech giant IBM read: “Need a core Java developer with proficient Japanese”.

An MBA, or an engineering degree, may not earn you as much money as knowing a foreign language can, especially if it is German, Japanese or Mandarin.

With the growing business relationships across the globe, the Indian companies as well firms having operations in the country, such as IBM, L&T, Genpact, Accenture, Geometric Ltd and Fujitsu Technology, among others, are now evaluating employees on their foreign language proficiencies. They are even offering a premium of about 20% of the salary as additional language allowance.

Experts say there is a massive requirement for language trainers, translators and software developers.

“There is also a significant demand for coordinators, who can coordinate with the offshore development centres of other countries,” said Vikrant Pande, head at TeamLease Skill University, a part of staffing firm TeamLease Services, which provides vocational education and training.

The top three languages in demand include Mandarin, Japanese and German. Knowing a foreign language is an added advantage for employees as they help the company communicate with clients in a personal tone and helps in easy sharing of documents and information.

The world’s fourth-largest IT services company, Japan-based Fujitsu plans to hire about 500 people in India with excellent communication skills in Japanese.

Auto component major, Germany-based Bosch is also planning to hire about 500 people in India with expertise in German language.

As per the estimates of Sakuraa India Foundation, which provides corporate training in Japanese, at present more than 45,000 candidates are required with Japanese language proficiency in India.

TeamLease in a research found that last year nearly 50 companies in India required more than 5,000 people with foreign language proficiency, and the demand for bilingual candidates is increasing each year by more than 20%.

“There are about 200 Chinese firms operating in India, and almost 5,000 Japanese firms are operating here,” Pande noted.

Kumar Prabhas, chief operating officer, L&T Technology Services, agreed that “the demand for technical competencies coupled with multilingual proficiency has been steadily on rise”.

“Industry verticals such as automotive, industrial, telecom and hi-tech, are well developed in Germany, Japan and China. Access to these markets is highly dependent on local language proficiency of our employees,” Prabhas said.

And, there’s another side of the story as well.

As per a research by a professor of psychology at York University in Toronto, bilinguals are better at multi-tasking.

Some of other incentives of knowing additional languages include more job opportunities across industries, higher salary as compared to regular graduates, on-site options, and ease of business with counterparts and stakeholders based outside the country.

“Most organisations pay additional language allowance as the premium, which is in the range of 15% to 20% of their salary,” said Dilpreet Singh, vice-president, HR at IBM India and South Asia.

Apart from valuing additional language while hiring employees, the companies are also training and certifying their staff.

“We have been training our employees extensively in languages such as Spanish, Japanese, Dutch, German and Swedish from the last five years as demand has been increasing progressively,” L&T’s Prabhas added.

“Our clientele are based across the world and it makes it easier and effective when employees are well versed in different languages,” IBM’s Singh said.

BG Sridar, managing director of Sakuraa India Foundation, which in the last 10 years has trained around 2,000 people with Japanese, said: “It takes almost 2.5 years for a candidate to learn the second-highest level of Japanese, and it costs about Rs 1 lakh. In India, only odd 1,000 people know the highest level of Japanese. But to get a decent job in the technical filed, knowing till the third level is fine.”

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CONTROL VALVE TYPE & SELECTION

Types of Control Valves

Almost any type of valve can be used for control by fitting an actuator and positioner, though care must be taken to ensure that there is no excessive backlash present and it will be recognised many will not exhibit a good characteristic for precise control.

Texvyn-CV Selection

The following are the most commonly used:

Globe (Plug and Seat)

These are the most traditionally used control valves – generally available from 12 to 400mm in all castable materials. Larger sizes are available but it becomes more common to move to an angle construction on these sizes.

Pressure ratings up to ANSI 2500# and higher are available.

The globe valve is very versatile offering reduced trim options as well as a variety of special trims for severe high pressure drop applications. This style of valve is easily adapted for use on cryogenic temperatures, and for high temperature duties.

Turndown capability of 50:1 is available.

Eccentric Plug (Rotary Globe)

A general purpose valve that offers cost effective solutions over a wide range of standard applications. It offers higher Cv values than globe – size for size. It is available from 25 to 300mm to ANSI 600#. Turndown is 125:1.

Butterfly

The least expensive of all control valves. Sizes range from 50 to 3000mm.
Pressure ratings are generally up to 1600 kpa(G).

Temperatures are up to 100∞C. This valve is good for corrosive applications but does not handle high pressure drops well. It is the lightest valve available – size for size. Turndown is 75:1

Eccentric Disk (high performance butterfly)

A similar looking valve to the standard butterfly this valve is capable of handling much higher temperatures and pressures. The heart of the valve is the seating arrangement. Many different techniques are utilised to prevent the disk from rubbing in the seat as it does with the butterfly valve. This is achieved by having the disk rotate about a point that is off centre to the line of the seat in one plane and off centre to the centre line of the pipe in the other. This gives a cammed action that the final few degrees of rotation causes the disk to move in a linear fashion into the seat. This means that a metal seat can be utilised,
enabling the valve to handle high pressures and temperatures.

This type of valve is generally available from 50 to 1200mm ill pressure ratings up to ANSI 600#.

High pressure drop applications are not recommended. Turndown is about 75:1

Eccentric Plug (Rotary Globe)

A general purpose valve that offers cost effective solutions over a wide range of standard applications. It offers higher Cv values than globe – size for size. It is available from 25 to 300mm to ANSI 600#. Turndown is 125:1.

Butterfly

The least expensive of all control valves. Sizes range from 50 to 3000mm.

Pressure ratings are generally up to 1600 kpa(G).

Temperatures are up to 100∞C. This valve is good for corrosive applications but does not handle high pressure drops well. It is the lightest valve available – size for size. Turndown is 75:1.

Diaphragm / Pinch

These valves are inexpensive and very simple in operation. They are used extensively in the mining industry for control of slurries and water. The characteristic is basically quick opening and so these valves do not give precise control or high turndown but function particularly well on level control. Very good for low pressure abrasive applications.

Sizes are available from 25 to 350mm in pressure ratings up to 1000kPa on the smaller sizes and 350kPa above 200mm. Special pinch valves can handle pressures up to 100 bar.
Temperature limitation is about 100∞C. Turndown is 10:1.

Ball

Ball valves naturally have a good control characteristic and give high turndown of l00:1 for standard ball valves and up to 500:1 for vee ported valves. High pressure valves are available to ANSI 2500# and higher – most valves working at greater than 3000kPa have trunnion mounted balls.

Sizes range from 10mm to 500mm.

High temperatures are handled by valves with metal seats. Full ball valves are not recommended for slurries due to the solids settling out in the body cavity. High pressure drops are not handled well due to the ball causing high velocity jets of fluid directed into
the seat and body – resulting in erosion. This design of valve is particularly suitable for use with ceramic materials and can be used on abrasive throttling duties where the pressures and temperatures are too high for pinch or diaphragm valves.

Comparison of different control valves

Table 1 shows the comparison of different control valves.

Selection Procedure

  • Estimate the size of the valve by taking one size smaller than the line. If there is no line size available calculate using a velocity of 5m/s for liquids and 40m/s for gases or vapours.
  • Use the chart to determine the valve type which best satisfies the requirements of the application.

Generally for larger sizes of l00mm or greater the order of preference assuming cost to be of a high priority would be as follows:

  • Butterfly
  • Disk
  • Rotary plug
  • Ball

but using globe if the pressure drop is high and using pinch/diaphragm valves for slurries. For small valves of less than l00mm the order of preference would be:

  • Globe
  • Rotary plug
  • Ball
  • Pinch/Diaphragm

Conclusion

There is nothing definitive about selecting a type of valve and there is seldom a choice that can be considered to be ‘right’; some selections will just be better than others – and of course it is easy to chose the wrong one!

Reference: [1] Sessions MT. 'Selection of control valves - handling high pressure drops'.Electricity + Control, November, 1993, pp 35-38.

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Joining Texvyn Talent Pool Will Boost Your Career

During your job search, you have probably noticed more employers increasingly offering “talent communities” or “talent pools” for you to join. What is a talent pool exactly? A talent pool is a way for employers to engage with candidates who are interested in working for their company but don’t see a current job opening that would match their skills. This helps employers stay in touch with the best talent, even if the perfect job opening is not available right now.

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Whether you are actively looking for a job or just keeping your eye out for the next big opportunity, below are three benefits of joining a talent pool.

1. You’ll receive helpful career advice and information.

When signing up for a talent pool, you’ll submit your resume, contact information, and which departments you’d be interested in working in. Once you have joined, Texvyn can send email updates to you on the company and industry news, open job opportunities, career event invitations, and even specific tips on how to land a job with your dream company. Coming straight from the source, you’ll be able to receive helpful and reliable career advice and learn about new developments at the company or in your field.

2. You’ll establish a relationship with the company and speed up the job search process.

Is there a particular company you really want to work for but you don’t see a current job opening that would be a good match?  Joining their talent pool will help you stay connected to the company, asking the employer to keep you in mind for future opportunities while allowing you to learn more about the company.

By getting yourself in front of recruiters early on in the job search process, you’ll give yourself a significant advantage when a job opens. When you join a talent pool you can display your interest in the company, provide your resume, and identify your experience and skills. Recruiters will be able to reach out to you as soon as a relevant job opens as opposed to waiting for you to see the posting and apply, saving time for both parties.

3. You’ll get a better look at what it will be like to work for the employer.

If you are looking for a job or want to stay in the loop for the future, a talent pool can connect you with recruiters who can help you learn more about the company and what it’s really like to work there.

It’s not always easy to see if a company would be a good cultural match for you but joining a talent pool will give you access to insider information about what it’s like to work at that company. In addition to newly open positions, you can receive valuable insights into the company culture, work-life balance, company values, leadership profile, and much more.

Joining a Texvyn’s Talent Pool is a great way to build your professional network and may lead to opportunities you otherwise would not come across.

Register Now

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Texvyn Talent Pool

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Gain access to one of our talented job seekers to find a suitable employee to assist your company to become more competitive and cost effective. Our candidates have trained & experienced on all fronts of Process Plant Engineering. All our candidates have wide exposure on latest engineering software’s & well versed with industry codes & Standards. Place a staffing order with one of our Business Representatives today and start building a workforce program that meets the needs of your company.

These services we provide come at no-cost and with opportunities to work with our staff that specializes in connecting the right candidates for your occupations. Visit our website for more information about our  training programs available for hiring qualified individuals from our talent pool.